One DNA circle capture probe with multiple target recognition domains for simultaneous electrochemical detection of miRNA-21 and miRNA-155

Biosens Bioelectron. 2020 Feb 1;149:111848. doi: 10.1016/j.bios.2019.111848. Epub 2019 Nov 5.

Abstract

In this work, a novel DNA circle capture probe with multiple target recognition domains was designed to develop an electrochemical biosensor for ultrasensitive detection of microRNA-21 (miRNA-21) and miRNA-155 simultaneously. The DNA circle capture probe was anchored at the top of the tetrahedron DNA nanostructure (TDN) to simultaneously recognize miRNA-21 and miRNA-155 through multiple target recognition domains under the assistance of Helper strands, which could trigger mimetic proximity ligation assay (mPLA) for capturing the beacons ferrocene (Fc)-A1 and methylene blue (MB)-A2 to achieve multiple miRNAs detection. In this way, the local reaction concentration could be enhanced and avoid the interference of various capture probes compared with the traditional multiplexed electrochemical biosensor with the use of different capture probes, resulting in the significantly improvement of detection sensitivity. As a result, this proposed biosensor showed wide linearity ranging from 0.1 fM to 10 nM with detection limits of miRNA-21 and miRNA-155 as 18.9 aM and 39.6 aM respectively, which also could be applied in the simultaneously detection of miRNA-21 and miRNA-155 from cancer cell lysates. The present strategy paved a new path in the design of capture probes for achieving more efficient and sensitive multiple biomarkers detections and possessed the potential applications in clinical diagnostic of diseases.

Keywords: DNA circle capture probe; Electrochemical biosensor; Mimetic proximity ligation assay; Multiple microRNAs detection; tetrahedron DNA nanostructure.

MeSH terms

  • Biosensing Techniques*
  • DNA Probes / chemistry
  • Electrochemical Techniques
  • Humans
  • Limit of Detection
  • MicroRNAs / chemistry
  • MicroRNAs / isolation & purification*
  • Neoplasms / diagnosis*
  • Neoplasms / genetics

Substances

  • DNA Probes
  • MIRN155 microRNA, human
  • MIRN21 microRNA, human
  • MicroRNAs