Low dose- high frequency, case based psychomotor CPR training improves compression fraction for patients with in-hospital cardiac arrest

Resuscitation. 2020 Jan 1;146:26-31. doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2019.10.034. Epub 2019 Nov 12.

Abstract

Background: High quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is critical to improve survival from cardiac arrest. While low dose- high frequency case-based training enhances CPR skill retention, it is unclear if this training method is feasible in a clinical environment and if it yields improved clinical CPR quality during in-hospital cardiac arrest. We evaluated the implementation of a novel platform providing low dose- high frequency psychomotor CPR training and its impact upon CPR quality.

Methods: The described training platform was launched on two nursing units (60 beds) in a university teaching hospital. Quarterly utilization of the platform was integrated into normal clinical duties of hospital staff. Simulated CPR performance and staff compliance were evaluated pre- and post-intervention. In addition, clinical CPR performance was evaluated for periods of six months before and after four quarters of implementation (median, IQR).

Results: The low dose, high frequency CPR training led to retention of simulated CPR skills (compression rate, depth and fraction) during each quarter exceeding high-quality guideline thresholds. Clinical CPR quality, measured by compression fraction (Pre: 83% (73, 95) and Post: 93% (88, 98), p < 0.001) and rate (Pre: 109 (96, 126) and Post: 120 (108, 130), p = 0.008) increased significantly following platform implementation. Over the intervention period, program compliance was greater than 97%.

Conclusions: Low dose-high frequency case based psychomotor CPR training is feasible in a clinical setting with high compliance. In two nursing units, this method of training resulted in enhanced CPR skill retention and improved in-hospital clinical CPR quality.

Keywords: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation; Compression fraction; Education; In-hospital cardiac arrest; Psychomotor training.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation* / adverse effects
  • Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation* / education
  • Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation* / methods
  • Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation* / standards
  • Clinical Competence
  • Female
  • Fractures, Compression* / etiology
  • Fractures, Compression* / prevention & control
  • Heart Arrest / therapy*
  • Hospitals, Teaching
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Medical Staff, Hospital* / education
  • Medical Staff, Hospital* / standards
  • Problem-Based Learning / methods*
  • Program Evaluation
  • Psychomotor Performance
  • Staff Development / methods*
  • Task Performance and Analysis
  • Teaching