The Occurrence and Risks of Selected Emerging Pollutants in Drinking Water Source Areas in Henan, China

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019 Oct 25;16(21):4109. doi: 10.3390/ijerph16214109.


The occurrence of organic micropollutants (OMPs) in aqueous environments has potential effects on ecological safety and human health. Three kinds of OMPs (namely, pharmaceuticals, ultraviolet (UV) filters and organophosphate esters (OPEs)) in four drinking water source areas in Henan Province of China were analyzed, and their potential risks were evaluated. Among 48 target chemicals, 37 pollutants with total concentrations ranging from 403.0 to 1751.6 ng/L were detected in water, and 13 contaminants with total concentrations from 326.0 to 1465.4 ng/g (dry weight) were observed in sediment. The aqueous pollution levels in Jiangang Reservoir and Shahe Water Source Area were higher than that in Nanwan Reservoir and Baiguishan Reservoir, while the highest total amount of pollutants in sediment was found in Baiguishan Reservoir. Compared with pharmaceuticals and UV filters, OPEs presented higher concentrations in all investigated drinking water source areas. The highest observed concentration was triphenylphosphine oxide (TPPO, 865.2 ng/L) in water and tripentyl phosphate (TPeP, 1289.8 ng/g) in sediment. Moreover, the risk quotient (RQ) analysis implies that the determined aqueous contaminants exhibited high risks to algae and invertebrates, whereas moderate risk to fish was exhibited. The health risk assessment of aqueous OMPs by means of the hazard index (HI) indicates that the risks to adults and children were negligible. These observations are expected to provide useful information for the assessment of water quality in drinking water sources in Henan, China.

Keywords: Henan Province; drinking water source; organic micropollutant; risk assessment.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Child
  • China
  • Drinking Water / chemistry*
  • Environmental Monitoring
  • Environmental Pollutants / analysis*
  • Humans
  • Organophosphates / analysis*
  • Organophosphorus Compounds / analysis*
  • Pharmaceutical Preparations / analysis*
  • Risk Assessment
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical / analysis


  • Drinking Water
  • Environmental Pollutants
  • Organophosphates
  • Organophosphorus Compounds
  • Pharmaceutical Preparations
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical
  • triphenylphosphine oxide