Advanced Imaging in Female Infertility

Curr Urol Rep. 2019 Nov 16;20(11):77. doi: 10.1007/s11934-019-0942-0.


This review highlights the role of imaging in the diagnosis and management of reproductive disorders. The additional information that imaging studies can contribute to reproductive medicine is emphasized, including the role of pelvic ultrasonography (US, including sonohysterography and contrast-enhanced hysterosalpingosonography), hysterosalpingography (HSG), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the female reproductive tract. In addition, the implications of congenital causes of infertility on the urinary tract in females are reviewed. While the evaluation of infertility in women is initially focused on the assessment of ovulation via serum hormone levels, imaging plays a role in evaluating other causes of infertility. Recent research in this field focuses on the establishment of a comprehensive single imaging study for the assessment of female reproductive disorders. Two proposed methods are MR hysterosalpingography and Fertiliscan, a combination of high-quality 3D ultrasound and assessment of tubal patency with hysterosalpingo-foam-sonography, though more research is needed to determine the risks and benefits of each method, as well as their reliability.

Keywords: Contrast-enhanced hysterosalpingosonography; Hysterosalpingography (HSG); Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); Reproductive medicine; Sonohysterography.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Congenital Abnormalities / diagnostic imaging
  • Fallopian Tube Patency Tests
  • Female
  • Genitalia, Female / abnormalities
  • Genitalia, Female / diagnostic imaging
  • Humans
  • Hysterosalpingography*
  • Infertility, Female / diagnostic imaging*
  • Infertility, Female / etiology
  • Infertility, Female / therapy
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging*
  • Ultrasonography / methods*