Neurologic Disorders of the Maxillofacial Region

Dent Clin North Am. 2020 Jan;64(1):255-278. doi: 10.1016/j.cden.2019.08.015. Epub 2019 Oct 21.


The maxillofacial region is complex in its anatomy and in its variation in the presentation of neurologic disorders. The diagnosis and management of neurologic disorders in clinical practice remains a challenge. A good understanding of the neurologic disorder in its entirety helps dentists in the diagnosis and appropriate referral to a specialist for further investigations and management of the condition. Neurologic disorders described in this article are under broad categories of sensory and motor disturbances as well as movement disorders and infections. This article summarizes the most common maxillofacial neurologic disorders that dentists might encounter in clinical practice.

Keywords: Facial movement disorders; Facial pain; Facial paralysis; Headache; Magnetic resonance neurography (MRN); Migraine; Trigeminal neuralgia.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Humans
  • Nervous System Diseases*
  • Trigeminal Neuralgia*