Prospective Memory in Adolescents with Autism: A Preliminary Study of the Impact of Memory Load

Dev Neuropsychol. 2019 Nov;44(8):543-553. doi: 10.1080/87565641.2019.1692020. Epub 2019 Nov 18.

Abstract

We evaluated event-based prospective memory (EBPM) in adolescents with Autism, varying the load of the to-be-performed intentions. We included measures of inhibition, working memory and binding. Results showed that increasing the retrospective memory load reduced performance in controls. In Autism, adolescents were impaired in the low load condition with normal performance for the ongoing task, with the reverse pattern in the high load condition. EBPM may be impacted in Autism due to difficulty to process ongoing and EBPM tasks simultaneously possibly because of restricted inhibitory control.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Autistic Disorder / complications*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Memory, Episodic*
  • Neuropsychological Tests / standards*
  • Retrospective Studies