Lung Microbiome in Asthma: Current Perspectives

J Clin Med. 2019 Nov 14;8(11):1967. doi: 10.3390/jcm8111967.


A growing body of evidence implicates the human microbiome as a potentially influential player actively engaged in shaping the pathogenetic processes underlying the endotypes and phenotypes of chronic respiratory diseases, particularly of the airways. In this article, we specifically review current evidence on the characteristics of lung microbiome, and specifically the bacteriome, the modes of interaction between lung microbiota and host immune system, the role of the "lung-gut axis", and the functional effects thereof on asthma pathogenesis. We also attempt to explore the possibilities of therapeutic manipulation of the microbiome, aiming at the establishment of asthma prevention strategies and the optimization of asthma treatment.

Keywords: asthma; immune responses; inflammation; microbiome; pathogenesis.

Publication types

  • Review