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. 2020 Mar;25:97-105.
doi: 10.1016/j.ejpn.2019.10.006. Epub 2019 Nov 1.

Impact of Stroke Volume on Motor Outcome in Neonatal Arterial Ischemic Stroke

Collaborators, Affiliations

Impact of Stroke Volume on Motor Outcome in Neonatal Arterial Ischemic Stroke

Andreas Wiedemann et al. Eur J Paediatr Neurol. .

Abstract

Background and objectives: Neonatal arterial ischemic stroke (NAIS) can lead to long-term neurological consequences such as cerebral palsy (CP). The aim of this study was to evaluate the predictive value of acute diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) for CP by analyzing stroke volume next to brain structure involvement.

Methods: We included 37 term-born infants with NAIS prospectively registered in a nationwide pediatric stroke registry. DWI was performed between 0 and 8 days (mean 3 days) after stroke manifestation. Participants were neurologically assessed at the age of 2 years. We calculated the stroke volume (in mm3) and the ratio of the stroke volume to the volume of the entire brain (relative stroke volume). The predictive value of the relative stroke volume was analyzed and an optimal threshold for classification of children with high- and low-rates of CP was calculated. Predictive value of brain structure involvements and the prevalence of CP in combinations of different brain structures was also assessed.

Results: Sixteen children (43.2%) developed CP. Relative stroke volume significantly predicted CP (p < .001). Its optimal threshold for division into high- and low-rate of CP was 3.3%. The basal ganglia (OR 8.3, 95% CI 1.2-60.0) and basis pontis (OR 18.5, 95% CI 1.8-194.8) were independently associated with CP.

Conclusion: In addition to determining the involvement of affected brain areas, the volumetric quantification of stroke volume allows accurate prediction of cerebral palsy in newborns with NAIS.

Keywords: Cerebral palsy (CP); Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI); Neonatal arterial ischemic stroke (NAIS); Prognosis; Stroke involvement; Stroke volume.

Conflict of interest statement

Declaration of Competing Interest The authors have no conflicts of interest relevant to this article to disclose.

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