Fine-Sampled Photographic Quantitation of Dermal Wound Healing Senescence in Aged BALB/cByJ Mice and Therapeutic Intervention with Fibroblast Growth Factor-1

Adv Wound Care (New Rochelle). 2018 Dec 1;7(12):409-418. doi: 10.1089/wound.2018.0801. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Abstract

Objective: To determine quantitative parameters of dermal wound healing senescence in aged BALB/cByJ mice (an important animal model of aging) and to evaluate the potential for therapeutic intervention by fibroblast growth factor-1 (FGF-1). Approach: Utilize a novel noninvasive fine-sampled photographic methodology to quantify wound healing parameters for healing phases from wounding through to wound closure. Results: Parameters associated with key healing phases were quantified and compared between nonaged and aged cohorts of both genders. The results identify a sexual dimorphism in dermal wound healing, with nonaged females exhibiting a greater overall healing efficiency than males. This enhanced healing in females, however, senesces with age such that healing parameters for aged males and females are statistically indistinguishable. Topical application of FGF-1 was identified as an effective therapeutic intervention to treat dermal healing senescence in aged females. Innovation: The FGF intervention is being analyzed using a new recently published model. This approach significantly increases the amount of preclinical animal data obtainable in wound healing studies, minimizes cohort number compared with (lethal) histological studies, and permits a direct statistical comparison between different healing studies. Conclusion: Quantitative parameters of dermal wound healing, obtained from noninvasive fine-sampled photographic data, identify topical FGF-1 as an effective therapeutic to treat the senescence of dermal healing present in aged female BALB/cByJ mice.

Keywords: animal model; inflammatory phase; proliferative phase; sexual dimorphism; splinted excision.