Potential of video games for the promotion of neuroadaptation to multifocal intraocular lenses: a narrative review

Int J Ophthalmol. 2019 Nov 18;12(11):1782-1787. doi: 10.18240/ijo.2019.11.18. eCollection 2019.


Multifocal intraocular lenses (IOLs) are currently usually implanted for the treatment of cataracts because they have been proved to be superior to monofocal IOLs with respect to spectacle independence. In turn, they are associated with a higher prevalence of dysphotopsia symptoms that is one of the most common causes of patient dissatisfaction. Neuroadaptation seems to play a major role in the optimal adaptation to multifocal IOLs. In this context, the development of strategies that facilitate the neuroadaptation process to multifocality might be an effective strategy to reduce patients' dissatisfaction. Video games have been proved to be effective for the improvement of visual acuity and for the promotion of neuroplasticity in elderly subjects and other populations with cortical-related visual impairment. This narrative review highlights the physiological potential of video games as a perceptual strategy to improve visual acuity and promote neuroplasticity in patients using multifocal IOLs, although research is still needed to confirm these benefits in this specific population, with only one comparative study to this date providing evidence of them.

Keywords: dysphotopsia; halos; multifocal intraocular lens; neuroadaptation; neuroplasticity; photic phenomena; video games.

Publication types

  • Review