Canine Leishmaniasis Control in the Context of One Health

Emerg Infect Dis. 2019 Dec;25(12):1-4. doi: 10.3201/eid2512.190164.


Dogs are the main reservoir of Leishmania infantum and in some countries have been regularly culled as part of government policy to control visceral leishmaniasis. At the 13th Symposium of the Companion Vector-Borne Diseases World Forum in Windsor, UK, March 19-22, 2018, we consolidated a consensus statement regarding the usefulness of dog culling as a means of controlling visceral leishmaniasis. The statement highlighted the futility of culling infected dogs, whether healthy or sick, as a measure to control the domestic reservoir of L. infantum and reduce the risk for visceral leishmaniasis.

Keywords: Leishmania; One Health; control; culling; dogs; leishmaniasis; parasites; pyrethroids; vector-borne infections; zoonoses.

Publication types

  • Consensus Development Conference
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Disease Reservoirs / veterinary
  • Dog Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Dog Diseases / parasitology
  • Dog Diseases / prevention & control*
  • Dog Diseases / transmission
  • Dogs
  • Leishmaniasis / veterinary*
  • Leishmaniasis, Visceral / veterinary