Esophagus and Stomach: Is There a Role for MR Imaging?

Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 2020 Feb;28(1):1-15. doi: 10.1016/j.mric.2019.08.001.


MR imaging has been increasingly used in the diagnostic work-up of benign and malignant conditions of the gastroesophageal tract. The use of an adequate MR imaging protocol is crucial, although standardization of imaging studies is still far from being implemented. Research on MR imaging-based biomarkers show promising results in assessing tumor aggressiveness and prognosis, and in the evaluation of response to treatment, both in esophageal and gastric cancers.

Keywords: Esophageal cancer; Gastric cancer; Magnetic resonance imaging; Prognosis; Staging; Treatment response.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Biomarkers / analysis
  • Contrast Media
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Esophageal Diseases / diagnostic imaging*
  • Humans
  • Image Enhancement / methods
  • Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted / methods
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods*
  • Prognosis
  • Stomach Diseases / diagnostic imaging*


  • Biomarkers
  • Contrast Media