MR imaging has been increasingly used in the diagnostic work-up of benign and malignant conditions of the gastroesophageal tract. The use of an adequate MR imaging protocol is crucial, although standardization of imaging studies is still far from being implemented. Research on MR imaging-based biomarkers show promising results in assessing tumor aggressiveness and prognosis, and in the evaluation of response to treatment, both in esophageal and gastric cancers.
Keywords: Esophageal cancer; Gastric cancer; Magnetic resonance imaging; Prognosis; Staging; Treatment response.
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