Apple polysaccharide could promote the growth of Bifidobacterium longum

Int J Biol Macromol. 2020 Jun 1:152:1186-1193. doi: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2019.10.210. Epub 2019 Nov 20.


It is widely accepted that regulating microbiome could improve human health. We previously observed apple polysaccharide (AP) reversed high-fat-induced microbial dysbiosis, but the mechanism remains to be elucidated. In this study, the function of AP in vitro was evaluated in Bifidobacterium longum (B. longum) and Lactobacillus rhamnosus (L. rhamnosus). The effects of AP on the composition of fecal bacteria of normal SD rats were investigated by qPCR, TA cloning and 16S sequencing. 0.125-2% AP showed no significant effect on the growth of B. longum and L. rhamnosus. DNA concentration of fecal bacteria cultured with 1% AP was significantly higher than that of control group. qPCR revealed that the number of Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus in fecal flora incubated by 1% AP was significantly higher than that of control group. Three strains of escherichia coli (E. coli) in fecal bacteria were screened out and analyzed. AP can be utilized by one E. coli and the metabolic products of AP could enhance the proliferation of B. longum. These data suggest that AP could promote the growth of B. longum indirectly, and provide another basis to understand the health care function of apple.

Keywords: Apple polysaccharide; Bifidobacterium longum; Lactobacillus rhamnosus.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bifidobacterium longum / drug effects*
  • Escherichia coli / drug effects
  • Feces / microbiology
  • Lacticaseibacillus rhamnosus / drug effects
  • Lactobacillus / drug effects
  • Malus / chemistry*
  • Microbiota / drug effects
  • Polysaccharides / chemistry*
  • Polysaccharides / pharmacology*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley


  • Polysaccharides