Importance and feasibility of an adapted set of implementation strategies in schools

J Sch Psychol. 2019 Oct:76:66-77. doi: 10.1016/j.jsp.2019.07.014. Epub 2019 Aug 6.


Implementation strategies are methods or techniques used to enhance the adoption, implementation, and sustainment of a new program or practice. Recent studies have facilitated implementation strategy prioritization by mapping strategies based on their feasibility and importance, but these efforts have not been replicated across distinct service delivery contexts. The aim of the current project was to evaluate the feasibility and importance of an education-adapted taxonomy of implementation strategies and to directly compare feasibility and importance ratings to the original Expert Recommendations for Implementing Change (ERIC) taxonomy, the leading compilation of implementation strategies in healthcare. A sample of 200 school-based consultants who support social, emotional, and mental health services provided ratings of feasibility and importance for each of the 75 strategies included in the adapted School Implementation Strategies, Translating ERIC Resources (SISTER) compilation. Results identified strategies rated as: (a) both feasible and important, (b) important but not feasible, (c) feasible but not important, and (d) neither feasible nor important. When mapped onto scatterplots using feasibility and importance ratings, comparison of ERIC and SISTER ratings indicated that approximately one third of the strategies shifted from one quadrant of the feasibility and importance axis to another. Findings demonstrate the value of efforts to adapt and generalize existing implementation products to novel service settings, such as schools. Additionally, findings assist implementation researchers and practitioners in prioritizing the selection of actionable and practically relevant implementation strategies to advance the quality of school mental health services.

Keywords: Adaptation; Education; Implementation strategies; Replication; Schools.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Evidence-Based Practice*
  • Feasibility Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Implementation Science*
  • Male
  • Professional Practice Gaps*
  • Program Development
  • Program Evaluation
  • Psychology, Educational*
  • School Mental Health Services / organization & administration*
  • United States