This review summarizes current knowledge obtained from psychoradiological studies of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). We first focus on 3 key anatomic structures (hippocampus, amygdala, and medial prefrontal cortex) and the functional circuits to which they contribute. In addition, we discuss the triple-network model, a widely accepted neurobiological model of PTSD that explains the vast majority of neuroimaging findings, as well as their interactions and relationships to functional disruptions in PTSD.
Keywords: Diffusion MR imaging; Functional MR imaging; Posttraumatic stress disorder; Psychoradiology; Structural MR imaging.
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