Production of Trans-free fats by chemical interesterified blends of palm stearin and sunflower oil

Food Sci Nutr. 2019 Oct 3;7(11):3722-3730. doi: 10.1002/fsn3.1231. eCollection 2019 Nov.


In this study, production of trans-free fats through chemical interesterification of binary blends of palm stearin (PS) and sunflower oil (SFO) and their physicochemical changes after the process was investigated. Analyzed responses included fatty acid and triacylglycerol composition, iodine value, free fatty acid (FFA), soap content, peroxide value (PV), plastic range, slip melting point (SMP), solid fat content (SFC), and oxidative stability along with potential applications of the interesterified fats. Transfatty acid content of PS/SFO blends was lower than 0.36%. Chemical interesterification increased the FFA and soap content and also decreased PV and oxidative stability index (at 110°C). After the process, SMP and SFC were reduced, also the plastic range transferred to the lower temperatures. All the interesterified blends melted completely at the body temperature, and their SFC was <32%. The melting characteristics of the PS/SFO-interesterified blends were suitable for many fat-based products.

Keywords: Trans‐free fats; chemical interesterification; palm stearin; production; sunflower oil.