Ultrasound Imaging and Rehabilitation of Muscle Disorders: Part 2: Nontraumatic Conditions

Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2020 Jul;99(7):636-644. doi: 10.1097/PHM.0000000000001352.


Because of its several advantages, ultrasound imaging has started to take place in the diagnostic and therapeutic algorithms of a wide range of musculoskeletal disorders. After the first part on traumatic conditions, in this review, the authors aim to discuss the applicability of ultrasound imaging for nontraumatic muscle disorders in the daily clinical/academic practice. While trying to summarize the whole spectrum (e.g., myofascial pain syndrome, inflammatory diseases, neuromuscular disorders), special emphasis will be given to sarcopenia, which is, by far, the most challenging clinical condition in the era of "aging world." Of note, rehabilitation with regard to the exemplified problems will also be briefed throughout.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Edema / diagnostic imaging
  • Humans
  • Muscle Spasticity / diagnostic imaging
  • Muscle, Skeletal / diagnostic imaging*
  • Muscular Atrophy / diagnostic imaging
  • Muscular Diseases / diagnosis
  • Muscular Diseases / rehabilitation*
  • Sarcopenia / diagnosis
  • Sarcopenia / rehabilitation
  • Ultrasonography