Depression increases the risk of rotator cuff tear and rotator cuff repair surgery: A nationwide population-based study

PLoS One. 2019 Nov 25;14(11):e0225778. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0225778. eCollection 2019.

Abstract

Background: Chronic inflammation is known to be associated with both rotator cuff tears (RCTs) and depression. However, no epidemiological studies with a longitudinal follow-up have been performed to prove this association. We aimed to investigate whether depressed patients had an elevated risk of RCT and subsequent repair surgery compared with those without depression.

Methods: This retrospective cohort study comprised of patients diagnosed with depression between 2000 and 2010 (depression cohort) and patients without depression (non-depression cohort, 1:2 age and sex matched). The risk of RCT and rotator cuff repair surgery were determined during a 13-year follow-up (2000-2013) between these two cohorts.

Results: This study included 26,868 patients with depression and 53,736 patients without depression. The incidence of RCT was 648 and 438 per 100,000 person-years in the depression and non-depression cohorts, respectively. The adjusted hazard ratio (HR) was 1.46 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.36-1.57) for depressed patients. The incidence of rotator cuff repair surgery was 28 and 18 per 100,000 person-years in the depression and non-depression cohorts, respectively. Depressed patients also had a significantly increased risk of subsequent rotator cuff repair surgery (adjusted HR = 1.46; 95% CI, 1.04-2.06).

Conclusion: The present study showed that depression was associated with an increased risk of rotator cuff tear and rotator cuff repair surgery.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Depression / diagnosis*
  • Depression / etiology
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Proportional Hazards Models
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Rotator Cuff / surgery*
  • Rotator Cuff Injuries / complications
  • Rotator Cuff Injuries / epidemiology
  • Rotator Cuff Injuries / surgery*
  • Young Adult

Grant support

The author(s) received no specific funding for this work.