Promoting Factors for Physical Activity in Children with Asthma Explored through Concept Mapping

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019 Nov 13;16(22):4467. doi: 10.3390/ijerph16224467.


For children with asthma, physical activity (PA) can decrease the impact of their asthma. Thus far, effective PA promoting interventions for this group are lacking. To develop an intervention, the current study aimed to identify perspectives on physical activity of children with asthma, their parents, and healthcare providers. Children with asthma between 8 and 12 years old (n = 25), their parents (n = 17), and healthcare providers (n = 21) participated in a concept mapping study. Participants generated ideas that would help children with asthma to become more physically active. They sorted all ideas and rated their importance on influencing PA. Clusters were created with multidimensional scaling and cluster analysis. The researchers labelled the clusters as either environmental or personal factors using the Physical Activity for people with a Disability model. In total, 26 unique clusters were generated, of which 17 were labelled as environmental factors and 9 as personal factors. Important factors that promote physical activity in children with asthma according to all participating groups are asthma control, stimulating environments and relatives, and adapted facilities suiting the child's needs. These factors, supported by the future users, enable developing an intervention that helps healthcare providers to promote PA in children with asthma.

Keywords: asthma; children; concept mapping; exercise; healthcare providers; parents; physical activity.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Asthma*
  • Child
  • Cluster Analysis
  • Disabled Persons
  • Exercise*
  • Female
  • Health Personnel
  • Health Promotion*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Parents