Entertainment-education can affect positive behavior change. Taking Care of Me is an effective, video-based intervention designed to improve patients' continuum of HIV care outcomes. The study's aim was to refine the pre-final video at points where patients stopped watching and missed embedded health messages. We evaluated the video using systematic unobtrusive observations triangulated with electronic medical record (EMR) data. We conducted observations in three HIV treatment facilities' waiting rooms in the southern US in 2016. Using a web-based data collection instrument, one observer spent 8 h at each facility observing patients' engagement with the video. We mapped the embedded messages in each scene and identified the messages that patients missed when they stopped watching. We compared missed messages to treatment initiation, medication adherence, and retention in care data abstracted from each clinic's EMR system. We were able to identify specific scenes where low levels of engagement corresponded to lower than expected retention in care outcomes and edit these scenes to improve engagement. Identifying and editing video scenes to increase viewership potentially could enhance intervention efficacy. Our methods could be used to assess and refine other video-based interventions being developed in resource limited settings.
Keywords: HIV prevention; engagement; entertainment-education; intervention exposure; qualitative research; video intervention.