Neuroprotective effects of mitoquinone and oleandrin on Parkinson's disease model in zebrafish

Int J Neurosci. 2020 Jun;130(6):574-582. doi: 10.1080/00207454.2019.1698567. Epub 2019 Dec 4.


Aim: The aim of this study is to investigate the possible protective effects of mitoquinone and oleandrin on rotenone induced Parkinson's disease in zebrafish. Materials and methods: Adult zebrafish were exposed to rotenone and mitoquinone for 30 days. Biochemical parameters were determined by spectrophotometric method and Parkinson's disease-related gene expressions were determined by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction method. Measurement of neurotransmitters was performed by liquid chromatography tandem-mass spectrometry instrument. The accumulation of synuclein was demonstrated by immunohistochemical staining. In vitro thiazolyl blue tetrazolium bromide method was applied to determine the mitochondrial function of synaptosomal brain fractions using rotenone as a neurotoxic agent and mitoquinone and oleandrin as neuroprotective agents. Results: Mitoquinone improved the oxidant-antioxidant balance and neurotransmitter levels that were disrupted by rotenone. Mitoquinone also ameliorated the expressions of Parkinson's disease-related gene expressions that were disrupted by rotenone. According to thiazolyl blue tetrazolium bromide assay results, mitoquinone and oleandrin increased mitochondrial function which was decreased due to rotenone exposure. Conclusion: Based on the results of our study, positive effects of mitoquinone were observed in Parkinson's disease model induced by rotenone in zebrafish.

Keywords: Parkinson’s disease; Zebrafish; mitoquinone; oleandrin.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cardenolides / administration & dosage*
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Female
  • Fish Proteins / metabolism
  • Gene Expression / drug effects*
  • Locomotion / drug effects
  • Male
  • Mitochondria / drug effects
  • Neuroprotective Agents / administration & dosage*
  • Organophosphorus Compounds / administration & dosage*
  • Parkinson Disease / metabolism*
  • Parkinsonian Disorders / chemically induced
  • Rotenone / administration & dosage
  • Synucleins / metabolism
  • Ubiquinone / administration & dosage
  • Ubiquinone / analogs & derivatives*
  • Zebrafish


  • Cardenolides
  • Fish Proteins
  • Neuroprotective Agents
  • Organophosphorus Compounds
  • Synucleins
  • Rotenone
  • Ubiquinone
  • mitoquinone
  • oleandrin