The clinical and pathophysiologic implications of pain, ST abnormalities, and scintigraphic changes induced during dipyridamole infusion: their relationships to the peripheral hemodynamic response

Am Heart J. 1988 Oct;116(4):1071-80. doi: 10.1016/0002-8703(88)90162-7.


In order to determine their significance during dipyridamole perfusion scintigraphy, symptomatic, ECG, and scintigraphic findings were related to each other, to the hemodynamic response, and to angiographic findings in 73 consecutive patients having coronary angiography within 3 months of scintigraphy. The group having induced "cardiac" pain differed from the group without induced pain only in their higher incidence of induced ischemic ST changes, the "marked" hemodynamic response, and their lower incidence of an "absent" hemodynamic response (all p less than 0.01). Induced ST depression was found only in patients with coronary disease. In this population, dipyridamole-induced pain was a moderately specific marker and induced ST abnormalities a more highly specific marker for coronary disease. However, both were insensitive for coronary disease diagnosis. If induced pain or ST abnormalities in the presence of significant coronary disease were accepted as indicators of ischemia, then scintigraphic abnormalities appeared to be produced by dipyridamole in roughly equal incidence by ischemic and nonischemic mechanisms. Induced ischemia related frequently to an exaggerated hypotensive response with no change in double product, suggesting its cause to be an induced increase in myocardial oxygen demand. Dipyridamole-induced image defects were noted even in the absence of a peripheral hemodynamic response. This indicates that the peripheral response does not always correlate with its central coronary effect and an absent peripheral hemodynamic response does not necessarily invalidate scintigraphic results.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Angina Pectoris / chemically induced*
  • Chest Pain / chemically induced
  • Cineangiography
  • Coronary Angiography
  • Coronary Disease / diagnosis
  • Coronary Disease / diagnostic imaging*
  • Dipyridamole*
  • Electrocardiography*
  • Exercise Test
  • Female
  • Heart / diagnostic imaging*
  • Hemodynamics / drug effects*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Radionuclide Imaging


  • Dipyridamole