Ganoderma lucidum is a popular medicinal mushroom, which has been used as therapeutic for centuries in traditional Chinese medicine. Although G. lucidum showed strong protective effects in prevention or treatment of a variety of inflammatory diseases, the mechanisms underlying the anti-inflammatory properties of triterpenes of G. lucidum remain undefined. In the current study, we demonstrated that ethanol extract and triterpenes of G. lucidum specifically suppressed LPS-mediated inflammatory responses. Notably, ganodermanontriol inhibited the expressions and interactions of TLR4 and MyD88, NF-κB translocation to nucleus and its DNA binding activity, phosphorylation of p38, ErK1/2 and JNK. In vivo, we showed that ganodermanontriol effectively prevented LPS/D-Galactosamine-induced liver injury by reducing TNF-α and IL-6 production, and decrease of ALT/AST release. Collectively, our results revealed a novel role in inhibition of inflammatory diseases for triterpenes that may act through potential inhibition of TLR4-MyD88-mediated NF-κB and MAPK signaling pathways.
Keywords: Ganoderma lucidum; Inflammation; MAPK; NF-κB; Triterpenes.
Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.