Success and complications of pneumatic retinopexy

Am J Ophthalmol. 1988 Oct 15;106(4):400-4. doi: 10.1016/0002-9394(88)90874-4.

Abstract

Fifty-eight consecutive patients with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment were treated by pneumatic retinopexy using intravitreal perfluoropropane gas. Reattachment was achieved in 29 of 35 eyes (83%) having single retinal breaks (up to 45 degrees in extent), including dialyses (up to 60 degrees), and groups of breaks within one clock hour. The cumulative reattachment rate was 37 of 58 eyes (64%), including eyes with detachments with multiple breaks 30 to 120 degrees apart and vitreous hemorrhage as well as aphakic and pseudophakic eyes. Pneumatic retinopexy was successful in 18 of 22 (82%) myopic eyes (-3 to -11 diopters). Virtually all complications developed in the inferior retinal quadrants, and included preretinal vitreous condensations or membranes in 27 of 58 eyes (47%), new retinal breaks in seven eyes (12%), and rhegmatogenous or tractional detachments in previously attached areas in 14 eyes (24%). Postoperative proliferative vitreoretinopathy occurred in six eyes (10%) and macular pucker in two (3%).

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Cryosurgery
  • Female
  • Fluorocarbons / administration & dosage
  • Fluorocarbons / therapeutic use*
  • Gases
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Postoperative Complications / etiology*
  • Retinal Detachment / surgery*
  • Retinal Hemorrhage / surgery
  • Retinal Perforations / surgery

Substances

  • Fluorocarbons
  • Gases
  • perflutren