Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
, 9 (4), 279-284
eCollection

Associations Between Optimism, Tobacco Smoking and Substance Abuse Among Iranian High School Students

Affiliations

Associations Between Optimism, Tobacco Smoking and Substance Abuse Among Iranian High School Students

Soudabeh Marin et al. Health Promot Perspect.

Abstract

Background: Optimism is known to be associated with many health behaviors. However, the associations between optimism, tobacco smoking and substance abuse in adolescents are not well documented. This study aimed to address this research gap in a large school-based population. Methods: Participants (N = 1104) were selected based on multi-stage cluster sampling method. Cigarette and hookah smoking behaviors, illicit drug use, optimism, and relevant covariates were measured using a validated questionnaire. Data were analyzed using ordinal logistic regression. Results: After adjustment, higher optimism score was a protective factor against being situated in advanced stages of cigarette smoking (odds ratio [OR] = 0.88, 95% CI: 0.84-0.91), hookah smoking (OR = 0.91, 95% CI: 0.88-0.94), and illicit drugs usage (OR = 0.90, 95% CI: 0.85-0.95). Moreover, the results showed that negative-stability and negative-globality domains of optimism were significantly higher among advanced-stage smokers and illicit drug users. Conclusion: Optimism was found to be a protective factor against tobacco smoking and substance abuse; whereas pessimism (negative-stability and negative-globality) was found to be a determinant factor. Further research is needed to investigate the effects of optimism on the transition in cigarette and hookah smoking stages.

Keywords: Adolescent; Optimism; Substance abuse; Tobacco smoking.

Figures

Figure 1
Figure 1

Similar articles

See all similar articles

References

    1. World Health Organization (WHO). WHO report on the global tobacco epidemic 2011: warning about the dangers of tobacco. Geneva: WHO; 2011.
    1. Reidpath DD, Ling ML, Wellington E, Al-Sadat N, Yasin S. The relationship between age of smoking initiation and current smoking: an analysis of school surveys in three European countries. Nicotine Tob Res. 2013;15(3):729–33. doi: 10.1093/ntr/nts177. - DOI - PubMed
    1. Park S. Smoking behavior and predictors of smoking initiation in childhood and early adolescence. J Korean Acad Nurs. 2009;39(3):376–85. doi: 10.4040/jkan.2009.39.3.376. - DOI - PubMed
    1. Mohammadpoorasl A, Nedjat S, Fakhari A, Yazdani K, Rahimi Foroushani A, Fotouhi A. Smoking stages in an Iranian adolescent population. Acta Med Iran. 2012;50(11):746–54. - PubMed
    1. Wellman RJ, Dugas EN, Dutczak H, O’Loughlin EK, Datta GD, Lauzon B. et al. Predictors of the onset of cigarette smoking: a systematic review of longitudinal population-based studies in youth. Am J Prev Med. 2016;51(5):767–78. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2016.04.003. - DOI - PubMed

LinkOut - more resources

Feedback