β-lactamases are the main molecules responsible for giving bacterial resistance against β-lactam antibiotics. The study of β-lactamases has allowed the development of antibiotics capable of inhibiting these enzymes. In this context, extended spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) TLA-1 has spread in Escherichia coli and Enterobacter cloacae clinical isolates during the last 30 years in Mexico. In this research, the 3D structures of ESBL TLA-1 and TLA-1 S70G mutant, both ligand-free and in complex with clavulanic acid were determined by X-ray crystallography. Four clavulanic acid molecules were found in the structure of TLA-1, two of those were intermediaries of the acylation process and were localized covalently bound to two different amino acid residues, Ser70 and Ser237. The coordinates of TLA-1 in complex with clavulanic acid shows the existence of a second acylation site, additional to Ser70, which might be extendable to several members of the subclass A β-lactamases family. This is the first time that two serines involved in binding clavulanic acid has been reported and described to an atomic level.
Keywords: Acylation site; Clavulanic acid; Extended-spectrum β-lactamases; TLA-1.
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