Systematic Variations of Ion Hydration in Aqueous Alkali Metal Fluoride Solutions

J Phys Chem B. 2019 Dec 19;123(50):10868-10876. doi: 10.1021/acs.jpcb.9b09694. Epub 2019 Dec 9.


Aqueous solutions of three alkali metal fluorides-NaF, KF, and CsF-have been studied by dielectric relaxation spectroscopy (DRS) over the frequency range 0.2 ≲ ν/GHz ≤ 89 at 25 °C and at concentrations 0.05 ≲ c/mol L-1 ≲ 1. The combination of these measurements with analogous literature data for RbF(aq) and M'Cl(aq) (M' = Li, Na, K, and Cs) made possible a systematic analysis of the hydration of F- and the alkali metal cations. Unlike the other halide ions, F- was found to have a well-defined hydration shell which contains ∼7 water molecules, consistent with the appearance of a "slow"-water mode at ∼10 GHz in the spectra. Limiting total effective hydration numbers (Zt0) for M'F(aq), obtained from the solvent-related modes, did not follow a simple sequence, varying in the order CsF < NaF < RbF < KF. However, it is shown that this anomalous sequence results from subtle variations in the strength of the M'+-OH2 bonding. Thus, it was established that Zib0(M'+) values, corresponding to the numbers of strongly ("irrotationally") bound (ib) water molecules around the cations, do vary with charge density in the order Li+ ≫ Na+ > K+ > Rb+ > Cs+. It was also found that Zs0(M'+), the number of moderately bound ("slow") water molecules, varied in the same order: K+ > Rb+ > Cs+. However, the presence of ib water molecules in the hydration shells of Li+ and Na+ attenuates their further interaction with surrounding water molecules such that Zs0(M'+) ≈ 0 for both ions.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't