Multiparametric Magnetic Resonance Imaging for the Detection of Clinically Significant Prostate Cancer: What Urologists Need to Know. Part 3: Targeted Biopsy

Eur Urol. 2020 Apr;77(4):481-490. doi: 10.1016/j.eururo.2019.10.009. Epub 2019 Nov 30.


Background: After a lesion has been assessed adequately on multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI), magnetic resonance (MR)-guided biopsy (MRGB) is the logical next step. The choice of the MRGB technique, however, is difficult.

Objective: To show the advantages and disadvantages of the three commonly used MRGB techniques-MRI-ultrasound fusion MRGB (fus-MRGB), direct in-bore MRGB (inbore-MRGB), and cognitive MRGB (cog-MRGB), and to determine when each of the techniques can be used.

Design, setting, and participants: Based on expert opinion and literature overview, the advantages, disadvantages, and challenges of fus-MRGB, inbore-MRGB, and cog-MRGB are evaluated. Further, the clinical setting of each biopsy strategy is assessed.

Surgical procedure: Based on expert opinion and literature data, the three biopsy procedures are evaluated, and the important pros and cons are determined.

Measurements: The basic concept of each biopsy technique is reviewed, which would result in a clinical recommendation. This will be shown in individual patients.

Results and limitations: The accompanying video shows how fus-MRGB and inbore-MRGB are performed in our hospital. An important advantage of fus-MRGB is its generally availability; however, it has fusion-error limitations. Although not supported by evidence, inbore-MRGB seems to be better suited for smaller lesions, but is rather expensive. Cog-MRGB is easy to use and inexpensive, but is more operator dependent as it requires knowledge about both ultrasound and MR images. Readers should be aware that our MRGB approach is largely based on expert opinion and, where possible, supported by evidence.

Conclusions: This article and the accompanying video show different MRGB techniques. The advantages and disadvantages of the three biopsy techniques, as well as the clinical setting in which each biopsy strategy is being used in our hospital, are discussed. Fus-MRGB is our first choice for prostate biopsy. Direct inbore-MRGB is used in difficult lesions but is mainly used as a "problem solver" (eg, a negative biopsy with a high suspicion for clinically significant prostate cancer). In our opinion, cog-MRGB is best for sampling larger and diffuse lesions.

Patient summary: This third surgery in motion contribution shows our approach in magnetic resonance (MR)-guided biopsy (MRGB). Fusion MRGB is our first choice for prostate biopsy. In-bore MRGB is used in selected, difficult cases, mainly as a problem solver. In our point of view, cognitive MRGB seems to be best for sampling larger lesions and diffuse processes.

Keywords: Magnetic resonance–guided biopsy; Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging; Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System; Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System version 2; Prostate biopsy; Prostate cancer.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't