"Getting to Zero" Among Men Who Have Sex with Men in China: a Review of the HIV Care Continuum

Curr HIV/AIDS Rep. 2019 Dec;16(6):431-438. doi: 10.1007/s11904-019-00472-3.


Purpose of review: To review the literature on progress towards UNAIDS 90-90-90 targets for HIV prevention and treatment among men who have sex with men (MSM) in China.

Recent findings: China has made progress towards UNAIDS 90-90-90 targets among MSM. However, socio-structural barriers, including HIV-related stigma and homophobia, persist at each stage of the HIV care continuum, leading to substantial levels of attrition and high risk of forward HIV transmission. Moreover, access to key prevention tools, such as pre-exposure prophylaxis, is still limited. Multilevel interventions, many using digital intervention, have been shown effective in pragmatic randomized controlled trials in China. Multilevel interventions incorporating digital health have led to significant improvement in engagement of Chinese MSM in the HIV care continuum. However, interventions that address socio-structural determinants, including HIV-related stigma and discrimination, towards Chinese MSM are needed.

Keywords: China; HIV; MSM; Prevention; Review; Treatment.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / drug therapy*
  • Adult
  • China
  • Continuity of Patient Care / statistics & numerical data
  • Health Services Accessibility / statistics & numerical data*
  • Homophobia / statistics & numerical data
  • Homosexuality, Male / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis / methods
  • Sexual and Gender Minorities / statistics & numerical data*
  • Social Stigma*