Type 1 diabetes incidence in children and adolescents in Mexico: Data from a nation-wide institutional register during 2000-2018

Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2020 Jan;159:107949. doi: 10.1016/j.diabres.2019.107949. Epub 2019 Nov 30.

Abstract

Aims: To describe the annual incidence of type 1 diabetes in children and adolescents insured by the Mexican Institute of Social Security, the main health provider in Mexico, during 2000-2018.

Methods: We conducted a secondary data analyses using the incidence registers from the Epidemiological Surveillance Coordination of the Mexican Institute of Social Security collected during 2000-2018. Incident type 1 diabetes cases (age 19 years old and below) were identified using ICD-10-CM E10 diagnostic codes. Age, sex, and geographical region and seasonal-specific incidence were calculated with their corresponding annual percentage change (APC) as well.

Results: In the period 2000-2018, the number of incident cases with type 1 diabetes decreased from 3.4 to 2.8 per 100,000 in insured for subjects below 20 years old. We observed an increase in the 2000-2006, followed by a decrease for the 2006-2018 period (APC +16.1 and -8.7 respectively). Females and children <5 years old had a significant decrease in the incidence rate, while inhabitants in Central Mexico showed a significant increase. No difference was found in incidence between seasons.

Conclusions: Our study describes significant fluctuations of the incidence of type 1 diabetes during the period 2000-2018, which appeared to correspond to influenza outbreaks, among Mexican children and adolescents.

Keywords: Incidence; Mexico; Type 1 diabetes.

Publication types

  • Historical Article

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / epidemiology*
  • Female
  • History, 21st Century
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Male
  • Mexico
  • Registries
  • Young Adult