Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) is a devastating disease to peanut growers in the South-eastern region of the United States. Newly released peanut cultivars in recent years are crucial as they have some levels of resistance to TSWV. One mapping population of recombinant inbred line (RIL) used in this study was derived from peanut lines of SunOleic 97R and NC94022. A whole genome re-sequencing approach was used to sequence these two parents and 140 RILs. A recombination bin-based genetic map was constructed, with 5,816 bins and 20 linkage groups covering a total length of 2004 cM. Using this map, we identified three QTLs which were colocalized on chromosome A01. One QTL had the largest effect of 36.51% to the phenotypic variation and encompassed 89.5 Kb genomic region. This genome region had a cluster of genes, which code for chitinases, strictosidine synthase-like, and NBS-LRR proteins. SNPs linked to this QTL were used to develop Kompetitive allele specific PCR (KASP) markers, and the validated KASP markers showed expected segregation of alleles coming from resistant and susceptible parents within the population. Therefore, this bin-map and QTL associated with TSWV resistance made it possible for functional gene mapping, map-based cloning, and marker-assisted breeding. This study identified the highest number of SNP makers and demonstrated recombination bin-based map for QTL identification in peanut. The chitinase gene clusters and NBS-LRR disease resistance genes in this region suggest the possible involvement in peanut resistance to TSWV.