Two Novel Adenoviruses Found in Cave Myotis Bats (Myotis Velifer) in Oklahoma

Virus Genes. 2020 Feb;56(1):99-103. doi: 10.1007/s11262-019-01719-2. Epub 2019 Dec 3.

Abstract

Bats are carriers of potentially zoonotic viruses, therefore it is crucial to identify viruses currently found in bats to better understand how they are maintained in bat populations and evaluate risks for transmission to other species. Adenoviruses have been previously detected in bats throughout the world, but sampling is still limited. In this study, 30 pooled-guano samples were collected from a cave roost of Myotis velifer in Oklahoma. A portion of the DNA polymerase gene from Adenoviridae was amplified successfully in 18 M. velifer samples; however, DNA sequence was obtained from only 6 of these M. velifer samples. One was collected in October 2016, one in March 2017, and 4 in July 2017. The October and March samples contained viral DNA that was 3.1% different from each other but 33% different than the novel viral sequence found in the July 2017 samples. Phylogenetic analysis of these fragments confirmed our isolates were from the genus Mastadenovirus and had genetic diversity ranging from 20 to 50% when compared to other bat adenoviruses.

Keywords: Adenovirus; Bat; Mastadenovirus; Myotis.

MeSH terms

  • Adenoviridae / classification
  • Adenoviridae / genetics
  • Adenoviridae / isolation & purification*
  • Animals
  • Caves
  • Chiroptera / virology*
  • Genetic Variation
  • Oklahoma
  • Phylogeny