Twenty patients with presumed uveal melanoma underwent internal eye wall resection. It was the primary procedure in 13 patients who had tumours within 2 disc diameters of the optic nerve head and was combined with external resection in the remainder. Malignant melanoma was confirmed histologically in 15 patients; the diagnosis was a benign tumour in the other 5. The length of follow-up ranged from 2 to 37 (mean 19) months. In all cases the retina was completely attached at the time of last examination. The visual acuity ranged from 20/40 to hand movements; nine patients had an acuity of 20/400 or better. At the time of writing no metastatic disease or local recurrence had developed in any of the 15 patients in whom malignant melanoma was diagnosed.