AK5, a novel prognosis marker, inhibits apoptosis and promotes autophagy as well as proliferation in human gastric cancer

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2019 Nov;23(22):9900-9906. doi: 10.26355/eurrev_201911_19555.


Objective: To explore the relationship between AK5 and gastric cancer.

Materials and methods: The in situ levels of AK5 in the GC tissues from 255 patients were detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC). The correlation between AK5 expression and the clinicopathological parameters was analyzed by Pearson correlation, and the prognostic factors were identified by Cox regression analysis. The transcriptome data of 14 human GC cell lines deposited in the CCLE database were analyzed, and two lines were selected for functional studies. AK5 was knocked down in the AZ521 and MKN74 cells using siRNA, and their proliferation and apoptosis were evaluated by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay and Annexin-V staining, respectively. In addition, the apoptosis and autophagy of the markers were detected by Western blotting.

Results: Patients expressing high AK5 levels in the tumor tissues had significantly shorter survival compared to low-expressing group. In addition, AK5 expression was associated with T stage and N stage and was an independent prognostic factor. AK5 knockdown in the AZ521 and MKN74 cells significantly inhibited proliferation and autophagy, and increased apoptosis.

Conclusions: AK5 is a potential prognostic marker and therapeutic target for GC.

MeSH terms

  • Adenylate Kinase / metabolism*
  • Apoptosis
  • Autophagy
  • Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism*
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Cell Movement
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Prognosis
  • Stomach Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Stomach Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Survival Analysis
  • Up-Regulation*


  • Biomarkers, Tumor
  • Adenylate Kinase
  • adenylate kinase 5