The Immunological Organ Environment Dictates the Molecular and Cellular Pathways of Cytotoxic Antibody Activity

Cell Rep. 2019 Dec 3;29(10):3033-3046.e4. doi: 10.1016/j.celrep.2019.10.111.

Abstract

Cytotoxic immunoglobulin G antibodies are an essential component of therapeutic approaches aimed at depleting self-reactive or malignant cells. More recent evidence suggests that the tissue in which the target cell resides influences the underlying molecular and cellular pathways responsible for cytotoxic antibody activity. By studying cytotoxic IgG activity directed against natural killer cells in primary and secondary immunological organs, we show that distinct organ-specific effector pathways are responsible for target cell depletion. While in the bone marrow, the classical complement pathway and the high-affinity Fcγ-receptor I expressed on organ-resident macrophages were both involved in removing opsonized target cells; in the spleen and blood, all activating FcγRs but not the classical complement pathway were critical for target cell killing. Our study suggests that future strategies aimed at optimizing overall cytotoxic antibody activity may need to consider organ-specific pathways to achieve a maximal therapeutic effect.

Keywords: Fc receptor; antibody dependent cellular cytotoxicity; complement; cytotoxic antibody; immunoglobulin G; macrophage; natural killer cell; phagocytosis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / immunology*
  • Antibody-Dependent Cell Cytotoxicity / immunology*
  • Female
  • Immunoglobulin G / immunology
  • Killer Cells, Natural / immunology
  • Macrophages / immunology
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Receptors, IgG / immunology
  • Spleen / immunology

Substances

  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Immunoglobulin G
  • Receptors, IgG