Objectives: Screening with cytology decreases cervical cancer burden, but new methods have emerged. We assessed thediagnostic value of electrical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) in the real-world gynecological setting. The study aimed todetermine the diagnostic usefulness of EIS used as an adjunct to colposcopies in the diagnosis of high-grade squamousintraepithelial lesions in women with abnormal cytology findings.
Material and methods: A cross-sectional, single center, observational study considered 143 women. All were subjected toa colposcopy and EIS with ZedScan. ZedScan-guided or colposcopically-guided biopsies were carried out.
Results: Data from 118 women were analyzed. The average age of the included women was 38.29 } 12.52 years (range:22-86 years). Overall, 27 had a diagnosis of CIN2+ and above on histopathological examination, 99 had low-grade colposcopyresults, 18 had high-grade colposcopy results, and 80 had positive ZedScan examination. No adverse events relatedto the examination with ZedScan were observed. EIS used as an adjunct to colposcopies showed sensitivity of 96.30%(95% CI: 81.03-99.91) and specificity of 39.56% (95% CI: 29.46-50.36), and accuracy of 52.54% (95% CI: 43.15-61.81). Theprocedure allowed to detect 11 additional cases with positive histo-pathological result in comparison to colposcopies alone.
Conclusions: Colposcopies performed with ZedScan as an adjunct were effective in detecting high-grade cervical lesions.Advantages of ZedScan include real-time result display, no additional diagnostic burden posed on the patient, andgood safety profile. Studies on large patient cohorts are needed for further evaluations of this diagnostic procedure andfactors which may affect its diagnostic accuracy.
Keywords: colposcopy; electrical impedance spectroscopy; predictive value; sensitivity; specificity; squamous intraepithelial lesions.