Hybridomas secreting monoclonal antibodies to transferrin receptor (TFR) were isolated. One of these antibodies, U-1, recognized the cytoplasmic domain of TFR and the others, N-2 and W-3, recognized its cell surface domains. Only antibody W-3 competed with transferrin (TF) for binding to TFR. Antibody U-1 bound to purified TFR but not to 35S- or 125I-TFR in cell extracts. 125I-Antibody U-1 bound to TFR alone in cell extracts when TFR was bound to antibody N-2-Sepharose 4B, but even in the presense of cell extracts it did not bind to TFR bound to antibody W-3-Sepharose 4B. Antibody W-3 co-precipitated TFR and a protein of about 30 kDa from cell extracts, and also reacted with the 30 kDa protein in cell extracts in the absence of TFR. Based on these results, the existence of two different states of the cytoplasmic domain of TFR is discussed.