Progress Toward Measles Elimination - China, January 2013-June 2019

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2019 Dec 6;68(48):1112-1116. doi: 10.15585/mmwr.mm6848a2.


In 2005, the World Health Organization (WHO) Western Pacific Region countries, including China, resolved to eliminate measles by 2012 or as soon as feasible thereafter (1). As of 2018, nine* of the 37 Western Pacific Region countries or areas had eliminated§ measles. China's Measles Elimination Action Plan 2006-2012 included strengthening routine immunization; conducting measles risk assessments, followed by supplementary immunization activities (SIAs) with measles-containing vaccine (MCV) at national and subnational levels; strengthening surveillance and laboratory capacity; and investigating and responding to measles outbreaks. Most recently, progress toward measles elimination in China was described in a 2014 report documenting measles elimination efforts in China during 2008-2012 and a resurgence in 2013 (2). This report describes progress toward measles elimination in China during January 2013-June 2019. Measles incidence per million persons decreased from 20.4 in 2013 to 2.8 in 2018; reported measles-related deaths decreased from 32 in 2015 to one in 2018 and no deaths in 2019 through June. Measles elimination in China can be achieved through strengthening the immunization program's existing strategy by ensuring sufficient vaccine supply; continuing to improve laboratory-supported surveillance, outbreak investigation and response; strengthening school entry vaccination record checks; vaccinating students who do not have documentation of receipt of 2 doses of measles-rubella vaccine; and vaccinating health care professionals and other adults at risk for measles.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • China / epidemiology
  • Disease Eradication*
  • Disease Outbreaks / prevention & control*
  • Disease Outbreaks / statistics & numerical data
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Immunization Programs
  • Incidence
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Measles / epidemiology
  • Measles / mortality
  • Measles / prevention & control*
  • Measles Vaccine / administration & dosage
  • Population Surveillance*


  • Measles Vaccine