Purpose: The non-interventional OCEAN study (NCT02194803) evaluated frequency and monitoring of ranibizumab injections for retinal vein occlusion (RVO) in routine practice in Germany.
Methods: RVO patients (including branch and central RVO (BRVO/CRVO)) receiving ranibizumab were included. Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) testing, imaging and treatment were performed at the investigators' discretion and documented over 24 months.
Results: Overall, 744 RVO patients (27% BRVO, 16% CRVO, remaining unspecified RVO) were included. For 74% of patients, data were available for the 12-month visit and for 56% for the 24-month visit. Mean baseline BCVA was 52.0 Early Treatment for Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) letters (BRVO: 55.9, CRVO: 43.9). BCVA improved rapidly within the first 3 months, reaching 64.3 letters at 12 months and 64.7 at 24 months. CRVO patients showed less improvement than those with BRVO. Patients received a median of 4 (5) injections over 12 (24) months, with 100% of patients receiving injections at baseline, 70% at Month 1 and 81% at Month 2. Overall, 40% of patients demonstrated a ≥15 letter increase within the first 3 months (42% BRVO, 46% CRVO). Patients with low initial BCVA (<50 letters) showed greater improvement than patients with higher baseline BCVA. Due to considerable loss to follow-up, the number of injections and optical coherence tomography (OCT) examinations were not associated with the change in BCVA.
Conclusion: Patients with RVO in routine practice in Germany received fewer injections and fewer OCT examinations than in clinical trials. CRVO patients showed less and later improvement compared to BRVO patients.
Keywords: RVO; anti-VEGF; macular edema; ranibizumab; real-world; retinal vein occlusion.
© 2019 Callizo et al.