Prevalence of Intimate Partner Reproductive Coercion in the United States: Racial and Ethnic Differences

J Interpers Violence. 2021 Nov;36(21-22):NP12324-NP12341. doi: 10.1177/0886260519888205. Epub 2019 Dec 6.


Reproductive coercion (RC) is a specific type of intimate partner violence (IPV). Although clinical studies have highlighted women's experiences of RC, we know little about its national prevalence and differences in prevalence by sex category and race/ethnicity. Data are from the National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey (NISVS), years 2010 to 2012. NISVS is an ongoing, nationally representative random-digit-dial telephone survey of the noninstitutionalized English- or Spanish-speaking U.S. adult population. This article reports the national lifetime and 12-month prevalence of two RC victimization measures, and proportions among IPV victims. T tests were used to examine differences in estimates across racial/ethnic groups. In the United States, 9.7% of men and 8.4% of women experienced any RC by an intimate partner during their lifetime. Men reported more commonly than women that a partner tried to get pregnant when the man did not want her to; women reported higher prevalence of partner condom refusal. Examination by race/ethnicity revealed that non-Hispanic (NH) Black women and men had significantly higher lifetime prevalence of both RC types than all other groups; in the last 12 months, NH Blacks had significantly higher prevalence across the board than NH Whites. Hispanics had significantly higher lifetime and 12-month prevalence of any RC and partner condom refusal than NH Whites. RC is at the intersection of two public health concerns-IPV and reproductive health. Documenting its prevalence and differences by sex and race/ethnicity may inform prevention efforts to reduce occurrence and negative health outcomes among specific populations.

Keywords: anything related to domestic violence; domestic violence; domestic violence and cultural contexts; sexual assault; sexuality.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Coercion*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Intimate Partner Violence*
  • Male
  • Pregnancy
  • Prevalence
  • Sexual Behavior
  • Sexual Partners
  • United States / epidemiology