Purpose: To evaluate the relationship between meningioma histological subtype and tumor site in under-20 year-olds.
Methods: A review of the literature on meningioma during the first 2 decades of life was carried out through a Medline search up to February 2019. To evaluate the adult population, a cross-sectional study was conducted on patients operated on between 2000 and 2014 in a single institution. Exclusion criteria comprised: series reports and papers that lacked detailed description of clinical findings, neuroimaging confirmation of tumor location, and/or at least 5 years' follow-up.
Results: One hundred and seven manuscripts were included, for 365 under-20 year-old patients: 200 male, and 164 female. Histopathology found 197 cases (53.9%) of WHO grade I meningioma, with predominance of meningothelial (41.1%) and transitional (30.9%) subtypes; 123 (33.7%) grade II, and 45 (12.3%) grade III. For 65 (18.25%) of the 356 cases, recurrence was documented, with only 24 deaths (6.7%).
Conclusion: Meningioma in this population presented 2 differences compared to the adult population: male predominance, and high incidence of atypical meningioma. Surgery was the primary treatment. Adjuvant radiotherapy is controversial in the literature.
Keywords: Histopathology; Juvenile population; Meningioma subtype.
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