Phytochemicals targeting matrix metalloproteinases regulating tissue degradation in inflammation and rheumatoid arthritis

Phytomedicine. 2020 Jan;66:153134. doi: 10.1016/j.phymed.2019.153134. Epub 2019 Nov 8.


Purpose: Matrix metalloproteinases, zinc dependent proteolytic enzymes, have significant implications in extracellular matrix degradation associated with tissue damage in inflammation and Rheumatoid arthritis. Numerous orchestrated pathways affects instigation and blockade of metalloproteinases as well as various factors that increase the expression of MMPs including inflammatory cytokines, hormones and growth factors. Direct inhibition of these proteolytic enzymes or modulation of these pathways can provide protection against tissue destruction in inflammation and rheumatoid arthritis. Inclination towards use of plant derived phytochemicals to prevent tissue damage has been increasing day by day. Diversity of phytochemicals have been known to directly inhibit metalloproteinases. Hence, thorough knowledge of phytochemicals is very important in novel drug discovery.

Methods: Present communication evaluates various classes of phytochemicals, in effort to unveil the lead molecules as potential therapeutic agents, for prevention of MMPs mediated tissue damage in inflammation and rheumatoid arthritis. Data have been analyzed through different search engines.

Results: Numerous phytochemicals have been studied for their role as MMPs inhibitors which can be processed further to develop into useful drugs for the treatment of inflammation and rheumatoid arthritis.

Conclusion: In search of new drugs, phytochemicals like flavonoids, glycosides, alkaloids, lignans & terpenes offer a wide canvas to develop into valuable forthcoming medicaments.

Keywords: Inflammation; Metalloproteinases; Phytochemicals.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Alkaloids / pharmacology
  • Arthritis, Rheumatoid / drug therapy*
  • Flavonoids / pharmacology
  • Glycosides / pharmacology
  • Humans
  • Inflammation / drug therapy*
  • Lignans / pharmacology
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase Inhibitors / pharmacology*
  • Matrix Metalloproteinases / metabolism*
  • Phytochemicals / chemistry
  • Phytochemicals / pharmacology*
  • Signal Transduction / drug effects
  • Terpenes / pharmacology


  • Alkaloids
  • Flavonoids
  • Glycosides
  • Lignans
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase Inhibitors
  • Phytochemicals
  • Terpenes
  • Matrix Metalloproteinases