Uncemented fixation of a monoblock ingrowth polyethylene glenoid: early follow-up

J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2020 May;29(5):968-975. doi: 10.1016/j.jse.2019.09.034. Epub 2019 Dec 4.


Background: Traditional monoblock pegged glenoid components are implanted with cement, increasing operative time and potentially violating more bone than those inserted without cement. We study the early radiographic loosening and reoperation rate following uncemented fixation of a hybrid cage monoblock polyethylene glenoid component.

Methods: Between 2013 and 2015, a total of 51 shoulders underwent anatomic shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) using a hybrid ingrowth cage polyethylene glenoid component by a single surgeon, with a minimum follow-up of 2 years. In all cases, the glenoid component was placed without cement. Mean follow-up was 33 months (range, 24-57). The primary outcome was Lazarus scale-assessed radiographic loosening. Secondary outcomes included reoperation, range of motion (ROM), and patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs).

Results: Twelve glenoid components (24%) had radiolucent lines. Glenoid lines were rated grade 1, grade 2, and grade 5 (6, 4, and 2 shoulders, respectively). Six shoulders (12%) had humeral lucent lines. Two shoulders (4%) underwent reoperation, only 1 of these occurring due to isolated failure of the glenoid component. As a group, mean ROM and PROMs improved significantly compared with preoperative values and exceeded the minimal clinically important difference.

Conclusion: Glenoid loosening remains a major concern at mid- to long-term follow-up of TSA. Placement of this hybrid cage monoblock polyethylene glenoid component in a completely uncemented fashion does not lead to early clinical loosening, after which bony ingrowth into the central cage can be expected. Uncemented fixation of this hybrid cage component appears to be a safe treatment option for patients undergoing primary TSA.

Keywords: TSA; Total shoulder arthroplasty; anatomic; glenoid loosening; ingrowth; press fit; uncemented.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Shoulder*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient Reported Outcome Measures
  • Polyethylene
  • Prosthesis Design
  • Radiography
  • Range of Motion, Articular
  • Reoperation / statistics & numerical data
  • Shoulder Joint / diagnostic imaging
  • Shoulder Joint / surgery*
  • Shoulder Prosthesis*


  • Polyethylene