Optimising the Benefits of SGLT2 Inhibitors for Type 1 Diabetes

Diabetes Ther. 2020 Jan;11(1):37-52. doi: 10.1007/s13300-019-00728-6. Epub 2019 Dec 7.


Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor clinical studies in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) have demonstrated reduced HbA1c and lower glucose variability with increased time in optimal glucose range as well as additional benefits of reductions in weight and insulin dose without increasing the incidence of hypoglycaemia. However, the appropriate use of SGLT2 inhibitor therapies within clinical practise to treat people with T1DM remains unclear. In this article we have used consensus expert opinion alongside the available evidence, product indication and most recent clinical guidance to provide support for the diabetes healthcare community regarding the appropriate use of SGLT2 inhibitors, focussing on specific considerations for appropriate prescribing of dapagliflozin within the T1DM management pathway. Its purpose is to provide awareness of the issues surrounding treatment with dapagliflozin in T1DM as well as offer practical guidance that also includes a checklist tool for appropriate dapagliflozin prescribing. The checklist aims to support clinicians in identifying those people with T1DM most likely to benefit from dapagliflozin treatment as well as situations where caution may be required.Funding: AstraZeneca UK Ltd.

Keywords: Dapagliflozin; Risk/benefit; Sodium-glucose transporter 2 inhibitor; Type 1 diabetes mellitus.

Publication types

  • Review