EXHANCE-3: a cohort study of the exhalation delivery system with fluticasone for chronic sinusitis with or without nasal polyps

Rhinology. 2020 Feb 1;58(1):25-35. doi: 10.4193/Rhin19.124.


Background: Inhaled nasal corticosteroid sprays (INS) are often inadequate to treat chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). The exhalation delivery system with fluticasone (EDS-FLU; XHANCE®) may improve outcomes in CRS by increasing medication delivery to target superior/posterior anatomic sites. This study assessed safety and efficacy of EDS-FLU in a large population with moderate-to-severe CRS with or without nasal polyps (CRSwNP, CRSsNP).

Methods: Prospective, multicenter, 12-week, single-arm study of EDS-FLU 372 Â#181;g twice daily (BID) at 38 U.S. sites. Safety was assessed by adverse-event evaluations, nasal endoscopy, and ocular examinations. Efficacy was serially assessed by outcomes including nasal endoscopy (Lund-Kennedy Score, polyp grade), patient- and physician-reported outcomes (22-item Sinonasal Outcome Test [SNOT-22]), study-defined surgical indicator assessment, and Patient Global Impression of Change (PGIC).

Results: 705 comparatively refractory subjects were enrolled, 603 CRSsNP and 102 CRSwNP [moderate-to-severely symptomatic; baseline SNOT-22 ~43, high rates of prior INS use (92.3%) and/or prior surgery (27.5%)]. More than 90% reported improvement on treatment by PGIC. SNOT-22 scores improved substantially and similarly in patients with NP (-23.7) and without NP (-24.4). Among patients with baseline Lund-Kennedy edema scores >0, 33.3% (CRSwNP) and 54.8% (CRSsNP) had complete resolution of edema. In CRSwNP patients, 48% had polyp elimination in ?1 nostril, 63% had ?1-point improvement in polyp grade, mean bilateral polyp grade decreased from 2.9 to 1.6, and study-defined surgical eligibility decreased. EDS-FLU was generally well tolerated, with a safety profile similar to conventional INS sprays when used to treat CRS CONCLUSION: EDS-FLU 372 #181;g BID in the treatment of CRS with or without polyps was safe, well-tolerated, and produced substantial improvement across a broad range of both objective and subjective measures.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study

MeSH terms

  • Chronic Disease
  • Endoscopy
  • Exhalation
  • Fluticasone / administration & dosage*
  • Humans
  • Nasal Polyps / drug therapy*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Rhinitis / drug therapy*
  • Sinusitis / drug therapy*


  • Fluticasone