Camu-camu seed (Myrciaria dubia) - From side stream to anantioxidant, antihyperglycemic, antiproliferative, antimicrobial, antihemolytic, anti-inflammatory, and antihypertensive ingredient

Food Chem. 2020 Apr 25:310:125909. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2019.125909. Epub 2019 Nov 30.


Camu-camu (Myrciaria dubia) seeds are discarded without recovering the bioactive compounds. The main aim of the present work was to optimise the solvent mixture to extract higher total phenolic content and antioxidant capacity of camu-camu seeds. The optimised solvent system increased the extraction of phenolic compounds, in which vescalagin and castalagin were the main compounds. The optimised extract displayed antioxidant capacity measured by different chemical and biological assays, exerted antiproliferative and cytotoxic effects against A549 and HCT8 cancer cells, antimicrobial effects, protected human erythrocytes against hemolysis, inhibited α-amylase and α-glucosidase enzymes and presented in vitro antihypertensive effect. Additionally, the optimized extract inhibited human LDL copper-induced oxidation in vitro and reduced the TNF-α release and NF-κB activation in macrophages cell culture. Thus, the use of camu-camu seed showed to be a sustainable way to recover bioactive compounds with in vitro functional properties.

Keywords: Antimicrobials; Antioxidants; Brazilian fruits; Cytotoxic/cytoprotection effect; Desirability function; Elagitannins; Inflammation; LDL oxidation.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Anti-Infective Agents / chemistry
  • Anti-Infective Agents / pharmacology
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents / chemistry
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents / pharmacology
  • Antihypertensive Agents / chemistry
  • Antihypertensive Agents / pharmacology
  • Antioxidants / chemistry
  • Antioxidants / pharmacology
  • Cell Line
  • Drug Evaluation, Preclinical / methods
  • Hemolysis / drug effects
  • Humans
  • Hydrolyzable Tannins / analysis
  • Hypoglycemic Agents / chemistry
  • Hypoglycemic Agents / pharmacology
  • Myrtaceae / chemistry*
  • Phenols / analysis
  • Plant Extracts / chemistry*
  • Plant Extracts / pharmacology*
  • Seeds / chemistry
  • alpha-Amylases / antagonists & inhibitors


  • Anti-Infective Agents
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents
  • Antihypertensive Agents
  • Antioxidants
  • Hydrolyzable Tannins
  • Hypoglycemic Agents
  • Phenols
  • Plant Extracts
  • vescalagin
  • alpha-Amylases