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. 2019 Dec 4;7(12):244.
doi: 10.3390/sports7120244.

The Coach-Athlete Relationship in Strength and Conditioning: High Performance Athletes' Perceptions

Free PMC article

The Coach-Athlete Relationship in Strength and Conditioning: High Performance Athletes' Perceptions

Steven J Foulds et al. Sports (Basel). .
Free PMC article


The primary purpose of this study was to investigate high performance athlete perceptions of strength and conditioning coaches, specifically, (1) their character traits, (2) the effective behaviours that display these traits, and (3) how these relationships were fostered. Using the 3+1 C's model of coach-athlete relationships as a framework (Jowett, 2007), 12 semi-structured interviews were conducted with high performance athletes (six female; six male) representing a variety of sports (i.e., freestyle wrestling, triathlon, field hockey, cycling, rowing, rugby union, netball, table tennis, and ice hockey). Participants ranged in age from 18 to 53 years (M = 29, SD = 9). Interviews took between 19-47 min and were transcribed verbatim. The transcripts equated to a total of 188 pages of data that were analyzed, coded, and further grouped into higher-order themes and general dimensions. The findings revealed 14 higher-order themes categorized under the 3+1 C's general dimensions of closeness, commitment, complementarity, and co-orientation.

Keywords: coach behaviour; coach effectiveness; leadership; strength and conditioning coaching.

Conflict of interest statement

The authors declare no conflict of interest.


Figure 1
Figure 1
Flow diagram of methods.

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