The Effect of the Feed Direction on the Micro- and Macro Accuracy of 3D Ball-end Milling of Chromium-Molybdenum Alloy Steel

Materials (Basel). 2019 Dec 4;12(24):4038. doi: 10.3390/ma12244038.


The machining of free form surfaces is one of the most challenging problems in the field of metal cutting technology. The produced part and machining process should satisfy the working, accuracy, and financial requirements. The accuracy can describe dimensional, geometrical, and surface roughness parameters. In the current article, three of them are investigated in the case of the ball-end milling of a convex and concave cylindrical surface form 42CrMo4 steel alloy. The effect of the tool path direction is investigated and the other cutting parameters are constant. The surface roughness and the geometric error are measured by contact methods. Based on the results, the surface roughness, dimensional error, and the geometrical error mean different aspects of the accuracy, but they are not independent from each other. The investigated input parameters have a similar effect on them. The regression analyses result a very good liner regression for geometric errors and shows the importance of surface roughness.

Keywords: ball-end milling; free form milling; geometric tolerance; surface roughness.