m6A mRNA methylation initiated by METTL3 directly promotes YAP translation and increases YAP activity by regulating the MALAT1-miR-1914-3p-YAP axis to induce NSCLC drug resistance and metastasis

J Hematol Oncol. 2019 Dec 9;12(1):135. doi: 10.1186/s13045-019-0830-6.


Background: METTL3 is an RNA methyltransferase that mediates m6A modification and is implicated in mRNA biogenesis, decay, and translation. However, the biomechanism through which METTL3 regulates MALAT1-miR-1914-3p-YAP axis activity to induce NSCLC drug resistance and metastasis is not very clear.

Methods: The expression of mRNA was analyzed by qPCR assays. Protein levels were analyzed by western blotting and immunofluorescent staining. Cellular proliferation was detected by CCK8 assays. Cell migration and invasion were analyzed by wound healing and transwell assays, respectively. Promoter activities and gene transcription were analyzed by luciferase reporter assays. Finally, m6A modification was analyzed by MeRIP.

Results: METTL3 increased the m6A modification of YAP. METTL3, YTHDF3, YTHDF1, and eIF3b directly promoted YAP translation through an interaction with the translation initiation machinery. Moreover, the RNA level of MALAT1 was increased due to a higher level of m6A modification mediated by METTL3. Meanwhile, the stability of MALAT1 was increased by METTL3/YTHDF3 complex. Additionally, MALAT1 functions as a competing endogenous RNA that sponges miR-1914-3p to promote the invasion and metastasis of NSCLC via YAP. Furthermore, the reduction of YAP m6A modification by METTL3 knockdown inhibits tumor growth and enhances sensitivity to DDP in vivo.

Conclusion: Results indicated that the m6A mRNA methylation initiated by METTL3 promotes YAP mRNA translation via recruiting YTHDF1/3 and eIF3b to the translation initiation complex and increases YAP mRNA stability through regulating the MALAT1-miR-1914-3p-YAP axis. The increased YAP expression and activity induce NSCLC drug resistance and metastasis.

Keywords: MALAT1; METTL3; YAP; YTHDF1/3; eIF3b; m6A Modification; miR-1914-3p.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Retracted Publication

MeSH terms

  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing / genetics
  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing / metabolism*
  • Adenosine / analogs & derivatives
  • Adenosine / chemistry
  • Animals
  • Apoptosis
  • Biomarkers, Tumor / genetics
  • Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism
  • Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / drug therapy
  • Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / genetics
  • Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / metabolism
  • Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / secondary*
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Drug Resistance, Neoplasm / genetics*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic
  • Humans
  • Lung Neoplasms / drug therapy
  • Lung Neoplasms / genetics
  • Lung Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Lung Neoplasms / pathology
  • Male
  • Methylation
  • Methyltransferases / chemistry
  • Methyltransferases / genetics*
  • Methyltransferases / metabolism
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • Mice, Nude
  • MicroRNAs / genetics*
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Metastasis
  • Prognosis
  • Protein Biosynthesis*
  • RNA, Long Noncoding / genetics*
  • RNA, Messenger / chemistry
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • RNA-Binding Proteins / chemistry
  • RNA-Binding Proteins / genetics
  • Survival Rate
  • Transcription Factors / genetics
  • Transcription Factors / metabolism*
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured
  • Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays
  • YAP-Signaling Proteins


  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
  • Biomarkers, Tumor
  • MALAT1 long non-coding RNA, human
  • MIRN1914 microRNA, human
  • MicroRNAs
  • RNA, Long Noncoding
  • RNA, Messenger
  • RNA-Binding Proteins
  • Transcription Factors
  • YAP-Signaling Proteins
  • YAP1 protein, human
  • YTHDF1 protein, human
  • N-methyladenosine
  • Methyltransferases
  • METTL3 protein, human
  • Adenosine