Background: Readmission rates as high as 20% have been reported after ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) in children, with obstruction and dehydration as the most commonly listed reasons. We hypothesized that a diverting ileostomy contributes to unplanned readmission after IPAA creation.
Methods: Children (age <18) who underwent IPAA creation from January 2007 to August 2018 at two affiliated institutions were reviewed. Patient demographics, operative details, and post-operative length of stay (LOS) were abstracted. Unplanned readmission within 30 days and details on patient readmission were reviewed.
Results: Ninety-three patients (57% female) with a median age of 15 years (range: 18 months-17 years) underwent IPAA. Indications for IPAA included ulcerative colitis (n = 63; 68%), familial adenomatous polyposis (n = 24; 26%), indeterminate colitis (n = 5; 5%), and total colonic Hirschsprung's (n = 1; 1%). Sixty-one (66%) patients were diverted at the time of IPAA creation. Fourteen patients (15%) were readmitted, and reasons for readmission included bowel obstruction (n = 9; 64%), dehydration (n = 2; 14%), anastomotic leak (n = 2; 14%), and gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding (n = 1; 6%). Patients with a diverting ileostomy at the time of IPAA were more often readmittted than patients who were not diverted (21% vs 3%, p = 0.03). Further, 10 (71%) of the readmitted patients had complications attributable to their ileostomy. In patients readmitted for obstructive symptoms, six (67%) required red rubber catheter insertion for resolution, two (22%) patients required reoperation for obstructions at the level of the stoma, and one (11%) resolved with bowel rest alone.
Conclusion: Readmission following IPAA creation in children is often secondary to preventable issues related to diverting ileostomy. Surgeons should carefully consider the necessity of diversion. When it is necessary, particular attention to fascial aperture size and post-discharge initiatives to reduce dehydration may reduce readmission rates.
Level of evidence: Level III.
Keywords: Dehydration; Diversion; Ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA); Ileostomy; Readmission; Small bowel obstruction.
Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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